Definition of "public"


It is noted that a "public" shareholder excludes a person who holds or acquires shares through artificial means. What are the circumstances or examples where a person is deemed to hold or acquire shares through artificial means?

Some examples which fall within the ambit of "artificial means" are as follows:


shares given away as free shares;


shares given as a gift; and


providing financial assistance or loans to acquire shares to nominees of the directors or substantial shareholders.